The scientific method, otherwise known as the empirical method, was developed by Francis Bacon, a protestant Christian who opposed the medieval Catholic Church’s adherence to Aristotelianism. Bacon wrote a piece called “The New Organon” to counter Aristotle’s “Organon.” The Catholic Church, believing that Greek methods were the highest expression of scientific truth, took an official position in support of Aristotle’s “tools” of science (organon). Bacon argued that the Catholic Church hindered scientific advances by insisting that the syncretistic doctrine of Catholicism and Aristotelianism be upheld.
Note that Francis Bacon wasn’t opposed to the Scriptures, but like Galileo, he was fighting against the entrenched Catholic/Aristotelian scientific position. Although Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, he was also a scientist who promoted “spontaneous generation,” the geocentric (earth-centered) view of the solar system, and the belief that the earth is composed of the four elements of earth, wind, water, and fire.
These weren’t biblical positions. After all, spontaneous generation is the opposite of creationism, and there is nothing in the Bible that says the earth is at the center of the universe, or that the earth is composed of only four elements. Aristotle didn’t base his beliefs on the Bible, but on logic (something he called “analytics”).
Francis Bacon thought that it was wrong to study the world primarily from a philosophical or rhetorical starting point and then try to fit the world into that view. Instead, he proposed that we start with observing the world and then develop our philosophy. Inductive over deductive.
He thought it was wrong to blend Christianity and natural philosophy (classical science), in the sense that Greek philosophy (deductive science) took precedence over the truth of the observable world. He also accused philosophers of being more interested in impressing each other with their huge words than in making the world a better place. His interest in observable science was motivated by Christian love for his neighbor.
This is just another example of how Christianity is not the enemy of science. In fact, through Bacon, and his rebellion against the wrong doctrine embraced by the Catholic Church, true science was founded.